Can You Do a Paternity Test While Pregnant? Find Out How

Published on 14 Feb

When it comes to paternity tests before birth, many expectant parents wonder if it’s possible to conduct a paternity test while pregnant. That’s why we’ll delve into the details of prenatal paternity testing, guiding mothers and fathers who want to know the paternity before the baby’s arrival. Can you do a paternity test while pregnant? Let’s find out. 

We will explore the timing of the tests and the difference between invasive and non-invasive methods. Additionally, we’ll discuss the importance of selecting a reputable lab for accurate and reliable results.

What Is Prenatal Paternity Testing?

Prenatal paternity tests determine the biological relationship between an unborn baby and a potential father before birth. These tests can be categorised into two main types: non-invasive and invasive. Non-invasive prenatal paternity testing, which utilises fetal DNA found in the mother’s bloodstream, stands out for its safety and accuracy rates.

On the other hand, traditional methods such as chorionic villus sampling (CVS) or amniocentesis involve collecting samples directly from around the fetus. However, these methods carry risks such as vaginal bleeding or leaking amniotic fluid.

Why Consider a Prenatal Paternity Test?

Expectant parents should carefully consider the option of undergoing prenatal DNA testing. Knowing the identity of the biological father can have a profound impact on personal relationships and emotional well-being during pregnancy. It also affects legal matters such as child support or custody arrangements after birth.

To make well-informed decisions, choose a reputable lab with accreditation and extensive experience in non-invasive prenatal tests.

Non-Invasive vs. Invasive Prenatal Paternity Tests

Non-Invasive Prenatal Paternity Testing

Non-invasive prenatal paternity testing offers a safe and reliable method to establish paternity while pregnant. This approach utilises fetal DNA present in the mother’s bloodstream. The process can begin starting from the 7th week of pregnancy, providing results much sooner than traditional invasive methods.

One of the primary advantages of non-invasive testing is its accuracy. If the potential father is not biologically related to the baby, the probability is reported as 0%. 

Conversely, if the potential father is considered the biological father, reports show a probability of 99% or higher. These high accuracy rates make non-invasive testing the preferred choice among expecting parents looking to establish paternity safely.

Invasive Testing Methods Overview

Invasive procedures, such as chorionic villus sampling (CVS) or amniocentesis, involve collecting samples directly from around the fetus. While these methods can provide additional information about fetal development and genetic health, they carry certain risks, including vaginal bleeding and leaking amniotic fluid.

Selecting a Reputable Lab for Your Test

Choosing a reputable lab for a prenatal paternity test that’s non-invasive helps ensure accurate and reliable results. Here are some key factors to consider when selecting a lab:

  • Accreditation: Look for a lab with UKAS accreditation, as it meets strict standards for testing quality and accuracy, making it a trustworthy choice.
  • Experience: Opt for labs that have a proven track record and extensive experience in handling samples properly to reduce the risk of errors.
  • Technology: Advanced non-invasive prenatal paternity testing relies on detecting fetal DNA in the mother’s bloodstream as early as the 7th week of pregnancy. Therefore, choose a lab equipped with cutting-edge technology to ensure highly accurate results.
  • Customer Service: Clear communication and support throughout this sensitive process are essential. Choose a lab that prioritises customer service and addresses any doubts or questions you may have.
  • Reviews: Check reviews of the company using independent review sites such as Trustpilot.

Prenatal Paternity Tests Timing and Procedure

Fortunately, advancements in non-invasive testing have made it possible to initiate the process as early as the 7th week of pregnancy. This method involves a procedure wherein a blood sample is collected from the mother and analysed for fetal DNA. This scientific breakthrough allows us to examine genetics without causing any discomfort.

The procedure itself is both simple and fascinating. A blood draw captures minuscule fragments of fetal DNA present in the mother’s bloodstream, providing valuable insights into the genetic makeup of the baby. The results are highly accurate and are typically returned within approximately one week. Knowing how soon the test can be conducted can help you in planning the next steps.

Selecting a reputable lab for this test should be a priority. Choosing a certified lab that is recognised for its expertise ensures a safe and credible process of establishing paternity. Trustworthy labs possess accreditation and exhibit care and professionalism in addressing your concerns and questions regarding DNA collection and the entire process.

Accuracy, Safety, and Legal Implications

When considering a prenatal paternity test, you need to consider accuracy rate and safety measures. A legally recognised paternity test with high accuracy provides essential information for child support cases. 

You should check with the company performing these tests what their procedure is if they generate an inconclusive test result.  Performing the DNA test once a baby is often the preferred timing, and usually the one which is most accepted by families. 

It is reassuring to know that if the tested man is not the biological father, the probability is reported as 0%. Conversely, if he is deemed the potential father, reports show an impressive probability of 99% or greater.

In terms of safety, opting for non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) eliminates the risks associated with invasive methods like chorionic villus sampling (CVS), which can lead to complications such as vaginal bleeding or leaking amniotic fluid. Fortunately, NIPT only requires a simple blood draw from the mother’s arm, making it a much less daunting option.

The legal aspects surrounding these tests also warrant attention. For instance, it is important to consider AABB accreditation when selecting a lab as it ensures the quality and reliability of your results, which are vital factors when establishing paternity before or after birth. 

Remember that laws regarding the use of DNA evidence can vary significantly between regions, especially in matters such as custody battles or accessing inheritance rights.

Paternity Testing with That DNA Company

Undergoing paternity DNA testing is a significant decision influenced by personal beliefs and emotions. It goes beyond knowing the biological father; it involves understanding how this knowledge will shape future relationship dynamics. This process can solidify bonds or introduce unforeseen challenges.

If you’re considering a paternity DNA test, That DNA Company offers a range of paternity test services that cater to different scenarios but only once a baby is born, as this way, we can guarantee a result based on the staples provided. Whether you need DNA testing for a father and child only, a two-child and one-father paternity test, a three-child paternity test, or a one-child and two alleged father paternity test, That DNA Company can assist you.

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